Developmentally, (in general) large movements (gross-motor) are learned first and form a foundation to build on for more fine-tuned smaller movements (fine-motor).
It is important to develop basic gross motor skills before attempting more difficult planned movement sequences such as riding a bike, skipping or balancing on a surf board.
These are higher level functions because they require correct information from many of the body's systems. Therapy will begin with basic gross motor skills as a pre-requisite to standing or riding on a board.
- 4-5 months
- Lifts head when prone, propping on arms, kicks legs 6 months-props self on arms when prone while reaching with one hand.
- 7-8 months
- Quadruped, sits unsupported momentarily.
- 9-11 months
- Sits unsupported, raises self to sitting position, equilibrium response in sitting, creeps reciprocally, kneeling balance.
- 12-15 months
- Maintains dynamic sitting balance in all planes, independent standing balance, equilibrium reactions in kneeling, begins to walk.
- 16-19 months
- Walks backwards and sideways, equilibrium reaction in standing, walks fast, seldom falls.
- 2 years
- Runs well, walks up and down incline, jumps with both feet.
- 3 years
- Walks up stairs alternating feet, swings arms reciprocally when walking, hops on one foot crudely.
- 5 years
- Enjoys balance activities, skips alternately, walks down stair alternating feet, one foot standing balance-10 seconds.
|What is occupational therapy?||Therapeutic Benefits of the Ocean||Understanding Sensory Function/Dysfunction.||Motor Skills needed for surfing.|
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